Eat more fruits and vegetables, you'll halve the risk of diabetes

An international group of scientists from 11 countries analyzed data from more than 20,000 people and found that those who consume a lot of fruits and vegetables have a much lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Thanks to this diet people have higher levels of vitamin C and carotenoids in their blood. The authors have published their article in the British Medical Journal.

In the course of the study, specialists regularly took blood samples from participants in order to measure the level of vitamin C and carotenoids in the blood. The scientists found out that the content of these substances is directly proportional to the amount consumed in fruits and vegetables. 

The observation period for the volunteers was almost 10 years. During this time, over 12,000 patients have confirmed type 2 diabetes.

Risk factors such as gender, age, socioeconomic status, lifestyle, and body mass index were taken into account to obtain more accurate results.

It turned out that in those participants whose blood levels of vitamin C and carotenoids were the highest, the risk of type 2 diabetes was almost halved. Thus, people with high Vitamin C levels were 42% less likely to get sick, those with high carotenoid levels were 49% less likely to get sick, and those with high carotenoid levels averaged by 50%.

The authors of the study believe that fruits and vegetables should be an important part of the human diet. At the same time, even a small amount of them, according to experts, will help at least slightly reduce the risk of diabetes of the second type.

July 21, 2020, 10:59 a.m.

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