Scientists listed ways to halve the risk of dementia

A team of scientists from University College London identified 12 major causes of dementia development in old age and suggested several ways to almost halve the probability of disease or completely prevent the development of neurodegeneration. An article about this was published in The Lancet.

According to the authors of the study, such factors as low education level at an early age, hypertension, obesity, depression, diabetes, sedentary lifestyle, restricted communication, hearing loss, smoking abuse have a greater impact on cognitive abilities in old age. According to new data, excessive alcohol consumption, head injuries, and living in areas with polluted air can be included in the list as well. Scientists report that prevention aimed at these 12 risk factors can prevent or reduce the likelihood of dementia by 40%.

As a lifestyle correction, the authors suggest taking specific steps: for example, to maintain systolic blood pressure at a level no higher than 130 mm Hg, if you have a hearing loss, do not hesitate to use hearing aids, quit smoking and do not expose yourself to second-hand smoking, choose environmentally friendly places to stay, avoid head injuries, limit alcohol consumption, maintain normal body weight and introduce physical activity in your life, observe the daily routine and sleep 7-9 hours. The Government's goal is to provide all children and young people with primary and secondary education.

According to the World Health Organization, about 50 million people currently suffer from dementia. Their number is predicted to triple by 2050.

"The efforts of medical and social workers could reduce or at least delay the development of dementia," says the project manager, Professor Jill Livingston. - Lifestyle correction of potential patients is likely to have a positive effect in middle- and low-income countries and among vulnerable groups, including ethnic minorities, Asians, and other communities.

Aug. 3, 2020, 11 a.m.

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