A diet with a high content of trans fats promotes aging

According to a new study conducted by Japanese experts from Kyushu University, consumption of foods high in artificial trans fats may increase the risk of dementia. The results are published in Neurology.

A small number of trans fats are found in meat and dairy products, but the greatest harm to health is caused by artificial trans fats created by hydrogenation — the addition of hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to give greater hardness. They are found in fried foods, vegetable cream, cakes, pies, frozen pizzas, cookies and dozens of other processed foods.

Early studies have confirmed that a diet high in artificial trans fats increases the risk of heart disease and diabetes. In a new study, scientists have proven that they also increase the risk of dementia.

Experts selected 1628 healthy Japanese aged 60 years and older. All were tested for blood levels of trans fats in the blood and the information about the diet was obtained. Over 10 years of follow-up, 377 participants developed vascular dementia or Alzheimer's disease.

The researchers took into account other risk factors, such as smoking, diabetes, and high blood pressure, and then concluded that people with high blood trans fats had a 52-74% increased risk of developing dementia than others.

The most consumed foods with trans fats were sweet pastries, margarine, candy, caramel, croissants, non-dairy cream, ice cream, and rice crackers.

According to the authors, such results give more reason to avoid consuming processed foods. It is best, experts say, to focus on natural foods and remove from the diet foods containing artificial trans fats.

The World Health Organization has called for its complete elimination from industrial production worldwide by 2023.

Oct. 29, 2019, 10:37 a.m.

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