Women who live in green spaces go through menopause later

Professionals from the Barcelona Institute of Global Health have found a link between living in green spaces and menopause "lagging behind". For 20 years, experts have been observing the health of 1,955 women from nine countries, including Spain, France, Germany, Belgium and others. Participants regularly filled in questionnaires about lifestyle, including living conditions, as well as laboratory tests. 

It turned out that menopause occurred 1.4 years later (51.7 years on average) for women living in green surroundings than for women living in areas with scarce vegetation (50.3 years on average).

Scientists believe that this effect is due to hormonal interactions. Thus, the higher the level of the sex hormone estradiol in the female body, the later menopause occurs. Antagonist estradiol is stress hormone cortisol: therefore, chronic stress depresses the formation of female sex hormones and leads to early menopause. The abundance of greenery is a factor that favourably affects the nervous system, alleviates stress. As a result, the level of cortisol decreases, and estrogen increases, which allows a little postponement of menopause. 

Feb. 14, 2020, 10:51 a.m.

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