The level of loneliness is the highest at 20 years old, and the lowest at 60

Loneliness is a very common problem that affects a person's health and longevity. American researchers from the University of California conducted a survey among 2843 participants aged 20 to 69 years and found that people aged 20 years and 69 years feel most alone and least. The results were published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Scientists believe that it is at the age of 20 that a person faces severe stress as he changes his lifestyle, tries to build a career and find a life partner. Many of them are also concerned about how they are evaluated in social networks, how many likes and subscribers they have, the authors of the study say. This leads to increased loneliness.

People in their 40s may experience this feeling because they are beginning to have health problems like hypertension and diabetes mellitus. They begin to lose loved ones, and their children grow up and become independent. All this has a great impact on self-esteem and personal identification, that is, on the person's attitude towards themselves, and also increases the feeling of loneliness.

Scientists have identified a number of predictors of loneliness throughout a person's life. Among them are low levels of empathy and compassion, little communication, absence of a spouse or partner, serious sleep disorders. Several other factors were associated with a worsening feeling of loneliness: a decrease in self-efficacy (belief in the effectiveness of one's own actions and expectations of success from their implementation), lack of motivation, uncertainty in control over one's own behavior, and increased anxiety. In addition, loneliness was associated with a lower level of determination.

According to experts, at 60 years of age people feel the least lonely because they become wiser, their empathy increases, i.e. they more accurately capture other people's emotions, and develop the right behavior in relation to others, which increases their self-esteem and contributes to the expansion of social networks.

Nov. 12, 2020, 10:35 a.m.

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